Hemorrhoids are commonly known as piles, which is a common condition in pregnant women. They can cause rectal bleeding and cause discomfort.
Piles are swollen veins in the anus or lower part of the rectum. Their size can range from small size like peas to as large as grape size. There are usually two types of bleeding during pregnancy: internal hemorrhage and external hemorrhage.
Internal bleeding occurs inside the anal canal. These are usually not painful, although sometimes itching and bleeding may occur.
On the other hand, External bleeding that develops during pregnancy is seen in the opening of the anus. They can be itchy, painful, and sometimes bleed. These can be felt as lumps and usually do not require treatment until a clot develops around them.
Symptoms of Hemorrhoids in Pregnant Women
Some common symptoms of hemorrhoids can be seen in pregnant women, some of which are shown below:
- Itching in the anus.
- Burning of the anus.
- Painful swelling in the anus.
- Painful bowel movement.
- Bleeding and pain with bowel movements.
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Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids and Pregnant
Home remedies for Hemorrhoids during pregnancy are safe and highly recommended. In most cases, home remedies and treatment of hemorrhoids in pregnancy can be done by increasing the fiber content of the diet, using fecal softener, consuming water every day, and increasing anti-hemrahydal analgesics.
Home Remedies are effective remedies for Hemorrhoids in pregnancy i.e.:
- Apply ice pack on the affected area. It helps reduce inflammation and irritation.
- Soaking yourself in a bathtub filled with hot water. It helps in relieving pain and irritation. Take bath with hot water whenever possible. Soak yourself in water for 10 to 15 minutes to relieve. It increases blood circulation and provides relief from the condition.
- Cold and hot compresses are also very effective in treating hemorrhoids in pregnant women.
- Maintaining cleanliness by cleaning the affected area using soft toilet tissues (tissue paper) after every bowel movement.
- Apply witch hazel ointment/paste to reduce swelling or itching. These herbs have soothing properties that can help reduce irritation. But only after taking approval from your doctor.
Piles are common in pregnancy and in some cases, they are not really pleasant. You may feel depressed throughout the day, nausea, and perhaps blood may appear in your stool in your third trimester.
However, it is itchy and painful, and in pregnancy home remedies and cures of hemorrhoids can be treated and can be easily prevented.
What Causes Piles or Hemorrhoids in Pregnancy
Growing uterus: As the uterus begins to enlarge during pregnancy, it puts pressure on the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava (the vein that receives blood from the lower limb). Due to this pressure, blood flow from the lower half of the body slows down. It increases the pressure on the nerves below the uterus and makes them swell. Technically speaking, the hemorrhoids contain varicose veins, which form when the vein valves (whose function is to stop the flow of blood) go away under pressure.
Constipation and bowel movement: Constipation is a root cause of hemorrhoids in pregnancy. Stress during hard bowel movements due to constipation increases bleeding because it puts excessive pressure on the rectum.
Increased secretion of progesterone: Excess secretion of progesterone hormone relaxes the walls of nerves, causing them to swell. The same hormone is responsible for causing constipation in pregnant women.
Previous history of hemorrhoids: Women may have hemorrhoids for the first time during pregnancy, but if they have previously recovered from hemorrhoids or piles, the chances of developing hemorrhoids in pregnancy may be high.
During pregnancy, hemorrhages are common in the third trimester or in the second stage of labor. It has been found that discomfort or bleeding.
Medical Treatment For Hemorrhoids
Treatment of Hemorrhoids during pregnancy also includes the use of suppositories and ointments containing local anesthetics, mild astringents, or steroids for temporary relief from pain and irritation.
However, the safety of using these products during pregnancy has not been confirmed or documented anywhere. Therefore it is extremely important to consult your doctor before using these products or medicines.
If pain persists, some of the following non-surgical treatments for hemorrhoids during pregnancy may help:
1. Bipolar coagulation in which special probes are used to stop internal hemorrhagic blood flow.
2. Sometimes a knot is tied to stop the hemorrhagic blood flow. This process is called hemrahydial arterial ligation.
3. Banding is another treatment for Hemorrhoids in which a band is placed over the hemorrhage to prevent blood flow. This causes it to wither quickly.
4. In a process called freezing, liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the tissue so that new tissue is formed.
5. If hemorrhoids are not controlled and advised by your doctor, surgery may only be necessary for hemorrhoids.